19th Amendment Ratification Notecard
19th Amendment Historical Notecard
Created by Meneese Wall, a graphic artist and designer from Santa Fe, NM. Her unique and beautifully designed artwork celebrates the women, quotes, events and memorabilia that defined the suffrage movement. Meneese developed a series of iconic images in commemoration of the passing of the 19th Amendment. The notecards feature a striking illustration and text describing the historical significance.
The (19th) Anthony Amendment (named for women’s rights pioneer Susan B. Anthony), was first introduced in Congress in 1878. It was subsequently stuck in committee, not considered by Congress, or voted down until 1914, only to be rejected again. President Woodrow Wilson, who did not publicly support the amendment for the first five years of his presidency, finally did so in early 1918.
On January 10th of that year, the House of Representatives voted in favor of the amendment; but the Senate fell short in two separate votes over the next thirteen months. Wilson called a special session in 1919 for another vote.. This time the House voted in favor, by a larger margin than before, and the Senate followed suit on June 4, 1919.
The last step was ratification by three-quarters of the states. Tennessee became the 36th and final state needed to ratify, on August 18, 1920. Along the way, Alice Paul, of the National Woman’s Party, made a ratification flag in the suffrage movement’s tri-colors (purple, white, and gold) and sewed on a new star each time a state ratified: 35 were affixed by March 1920.
Today we celebrate Women’s Equality Day on August 26th because that is the day in 1920 that Secretary of State Bainbridge Colby signed the proclamation that certified the ratification of the 19th Amendment
The above excerpt is from the brief historical background printed on the back of each notecard describing its significance within the struggle for women to win the right to vote. These are the copyrighted writings of Meneese Wall and are submitted for the online use of the New Jersey State Museum Shop, to accompany Meneese’s artwork. No other use of these writings is permitted, in print or online.
Notecards are 5” x 7” with a white envelope in a protective plastic sleeve. The historical information is printed on the back of the notecard. .
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